The Techniques in Different Media Sculpting

Fine sculpture can described as freestanding, three-dimensional art objects. In some cases they can also be embossed relief sculptures, or hanging kinetic pieces.

The Different Techniques  Practiced by Local and International Sculptors

Creating fine sculpture can pertain to a wide range of diverse techniques such as carving, casting, modeling, and assembling. The different output classes of each technique give sculptures their prominence as a versatile field in the art world.

Clay Modeling The Most Versatile and Flexible Material to Work With.

The process of detailing clay can be seen almost everywhere in society. Porcelain and terracotta are among the more popular ends of this technique. To start off, a relatively manageable clay build can be shaped to a desired design using everyday tools. Then it can be fired in a kiln (gas or electric) to harden and fuse the particles within the material. Glaze can be added with a second firing, and even a third firing can be done for high-class sculptures such as reputable porcelain figurines. Brands like Lladro and Armani have popularized high fire sculptures to create a luxury market for this kind of sculpture. The process of clay modeling is versatile in nature. Aside from direct firing, clay models can also be decorated raw and be painted on afterwards. They could also be used as agents in developing casting moulds for bronze, glass and marble.

Plaster Basic Media for Components and/or Practice

Sometimes used on its own or for a cast (aiding in the bronze sculpture process), plaster sculptures begin with the making of a skeletal armature. A wire-frame of steel or copper is shaped and then wrapped with a mixture or paper fiber, water and plaster. The entire armature is then layered with globs of the plaster mixture. When it’s hard enough to carve, sharp tools can etch detail and form composition into the sculpture. Plaster can be easily preserved and colored using paints and varnishes available in many art stores.

Wax Molding   Jewelry Based Technique - Also Used for Silver Sculpting.

Often used for the creation of luxury craft or jewelry, wax molding is a technique that has been around for ages. The process begins when a carved wax model is fit into a negative plaster mold. It is then burned out in a kiln or oven. The plaster case can then be used to create sculptures out of fine alloys such as rose gold or sterling silver.

Bronze casting    Difficult Process, but highly durable, long lasting and worth the wait.

This timeless process can be traced back to the aesthetics of early artisans. Currently, either sand-casting or the lost-wax process can be done to cast bronze, however the latter is more preferred by modern society. A model is first covered with rubber and allowed to harden. The inside piece is then removed and the two rubber negatives join to make a whole. The rubber is then filled with liquid wax to create a hard replica within. The inner wax will be melted away after encasing it in plaster. Melted bronze is then poured through the shell. After this tedious process, the plaster is then chipped away and the bronze sculpture sent to be buffed and furnished.

Carving Meaning To Contour or Shape Something Out of A Hard and Lasting Material.

Done usually in marble, wood or hard stone, carving is a definitely a physically difficult technique that demands stamina and endurance from the artist. Utilizing materials like the hammer and chisel (or in some cases- power tools), an artist whittles away at the material to contour and edge detail into the form. Carving produces very lasting pieces of art that can usually outlast generations at a time. The limitations of carving can be seen in the time and manpower required to produce large pieces such as monuments.

Assemblage/ Construction Putting Together to Create Something New.

These kinds of sculpture are also known as mixed media or “found-object” art. Usually composed of materials such as wood, glass, and metal parts among others. Elements are arranged or welded into a collage-like pattern, creating a relief canvas or a freestanding three-dimensional object. Being a fairly new type of fine sculpture, Assemblage is a unique discovery popularized in 20th century galleries.


  1. wow amazing...sorry for asking like this,, but did you make all this sculpture ? they are all amazing you know..very beautiful....

  2. Hi Sansan, yes these are all sculptures I've made at my studio. :) Thanks and sorry it took a while to get back to you.


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