The Techniques in Different Media Sculpting
The Different Techniques Practiced by Local and International Sculptors
Clay Modeling The Most Versatile and Flexible Material to Work With.
The process of detailing clay can be seen almost everywhere in society. Porcelain and terracotta are among the more popular ends of this technique. To start off, a relatively manageable clay build can be shaped to a desired design using everyday tools. Then it can be fired in a kiln (gas or electric) to harden and fuse the particles within the material. Glaze can be added with a second firing, and even a third firing can be done for high-class sculptures such as reputable porcelain figurines. Brands like Lladro and Armani have popularized high fire sculptures to create a luxury market for this kind of sculpture. The process of clay modeling is versatile in nature. Aside from direct firing, clay models can also be decorated raw and be painted on afterwards. They could also be used as agents in developing casting moulds for bronze, glass and marble.
Plaster Basic Media for Components and/or Practice
Sometimes used on its own or for a cast (aiding in the bronze sculpture process), plaster sculptures begin with the making of a skeletal armature. A wire-frame of steel or copper is shaped and then wrapped with a mixture or paper fiber, water and plaster. The entire armature is then layered with globs of the plaster mixture. When it’s hard enough to carve, sharp tools can etch detail and form composition into the sculpture. Plaster can be easily preserved and colored using paints and varnishes available in many art stores.
Wax Molding Jewelry Based Technique - Also Used for Silver Sculpting.
Bronze casting Difficult Process, but highly durable, long lasting and worth the wait.
Carving Meaning To Contour or Shape Something Out of A Hard and Lasting Material.
Done usually in marble, wood or hard stone, carving is a definitely a physically difficult technique that demands stamina and endurance from the artist. Utilizing materials like the hammer and chisel (or in some cases- power tools), an artist whittles away at the material to contour and edge detail into the form. Carving produces very lasting pieces of art that can usually outlast generations at a time. The limitations of carving can be seen in the time and manpower required to produce large pieces such as monuments.
Assemblage/ Construction Putting Together to Create Something New.
These kinds of sculpture are also known as mixed media or “found-object” art. Usually composed of materials such as wood, glass, and metal parts among others. Elements are arranged or welded into a collage-like pattern, creating a relief canvas or a freestanding three-dimensional object. Being a fairly new type of fine sculpture, Assemblage is a unique discovery popularized in 20th century galleries.